In the innumerable areas of building intervention, where Paco Construction s.p.a. has been able to show its own professionalism, the “conservative restoration” is what mostly shows the ability of this company for using its own “know how” and its own technical and technological competences, even in presence of an activity that, traditionally, has always had “handicraft connotations”.
We know what Restoration means, but from the recent exclusive work on the Cultural Goods, it definites a more appropriate definition of the restoration term, for the kind of activity that it requires: “… it goes without saying that, the restoration, is a direct intervention on a thing, for maintaining the natural integrity and for assuring the maintenance and protection of its cultural values.”
Consequently, the most correct restoration needs an accurate preliminary study of the architectural object, for obtaining the correct historical, artistic and architectural knowledge of the building and of the environment where it is found, for carrying out the most suitable project evaluations with reference to the different kind of constructions.
Contemporarily, the other analysis, that must be faced by the persons who are engaded in the conservation, refear to the materials that are contained in the object on which is necessary to intervene and the compatibility among these materials and other materials that will be used for the restoration, because these last ones must be characterized by similar properties to those contained in the materials in the place, so that to assure its necessary lastingness.
The compatibility of the used materials has to be valued both from the physical point of view and from the chemical point of view (even electrochemical, if it refears to interventions with metallic materials), for avoiding that the materials can react among them in a harmful way. Insofar, since the preliminary investigations, during the project course and, even more, during the continuous restoration works, it is necessary to foresee the chemical reactivity and the compatibility of the materials that must be used with the materials already installated, so that to obtain a homogeneous final product that assures the durability in the interventions of restoration.
Finally we want to say that the criterion of the intervention, with a prominent conservative nature for the architectural good, is the fundamental element for a correct way of proceeding on the ancient building. Any part that can, somehow, to withstand the damages of time, deserve to be preserved, strengthening it, to assure that it will be eternal. When this criterion is followed correctly, it is, under the social and economics aspect, the most convenient. The prerogative and base of the renewal is the systematic observation of the state of fact, in which, every structural element and every single detail must be pointed out through:
- The importance of the state of fact as general description of the building (builging land, building evaluations, morphological characteristics, building materials, use of the building, supporting structure, buildingparticularities, other peculiarities); as description of the building materials, state of deterioration , technical systems, destination for some parts of the building (residence, commercial etc.), as the noticeability for the state of maintenance, previous interventions, techniques for the execution and for the disarrangements and finally as the map of the building surfaces with the purpose to identify the construction period
- Historical documentation
- Graphic documentation
- Photographic documentation
- Cognitive and diagnostic investigations
- Materials and constructive techniques connected to the local tradition
- Deterioration of the building materials
- Techniques and materials for the restoration
- The codes of practice for the recovery of the historical centres
- Managerial methodologies for Cultural Good
- Essay for laying the intervention.
In the past this kind of search was carried out by an inaccurate and superficial way, currently, instead, the investigations are carried out by the conservative restoration, thanks to the greater knowledge of techniques, materials and intervention methodologies, have shown their utility even beyond the conservative restoration and they are also used for the normal recovery or restructuring of buildings, and in the same field of the building constructions, for which, PaCo has realized some architectural works in the van of progress.
In the last decade, the field of building constructions, both private promotion and public promotion, has been characterized by great changes determined by a market that needs more and more requalifications of the existing environment, a greater attention for the safety and for the use of echo-sustainable materials and, however, much more quality for the existing services.
This new request needs new functions in the entrepreneurial world of construction and so it is necessary to manage, contemporarily, all the activity fields that it needs, even by the technologies and mechanisms of the, so called, new economy. The building firms adapt themselves : the quality certification, the new system of qualification for participating in the public works, the necessity to widen the market, enriching more and more the competences in the company, with professionalism, for orienting itself toward a goal or for obtaining the technological and the organizational competence, that are changing the industrial building enterprise.
Paco Constructions Spa, toes the line with the main working societies in this field, it does not lose sight of its technological investment and it has always controlled the modifications on the markets. Thanks to the innovations, the company has been enriched by the new professional figures that, inspiring themselves to the most modern logics, they are able to organize the managerial and productive processes using all the tools in the field of civil and industrial constructions. Moreover, for the productive activity in the building yards is important the presence of an operational area, specifically devoted to the assistance and the innovative planning, through qualified staff personnel with specific technical skills.
New kind of buildings
The scientific method is at the bottom of the modern engineering products; its influence on the civil constructions essentially consists in integrating the ancient process, based on the experimentation of the intuitions and then, on the consequent empirical tradition, with possible forecasts carried out by modelings. This represents, how the natural laws move the conceived organisms and, therefore, to be able to conceive other better organisms and for this reason at the bottom of the building progress, there is the scientific method and the necessary knowledges for putting it into action.